### Random Forests for Evaluating Pedagogy and Informing Personalized Learning

#### Abstract

the concept of individualized treatment effects (ITE) is introduced as a method to provide personalized feedback to students. The ITE quantifies the effectiveness of intervention and/or instructional regimes for a particular student based on institutional student information and performance data. The proposed random forest framework and methods are illustrated on a study of the efficacy of a supplemental, weekly, one-unit problem-solving session in a large enrollment, bottleneck introductory statistics course. The analytics tools are used to identify factors for student success, characterize students benefitting from the supplemental instruction section, develop an objective criterion to, at the beginning of the semester, identify and advise these students into that section, and suggest intervention initiatives for at-risk groups in the course.

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